A GIS-based automated procedure to assess disused areas

Identification methods and regeneration opportunities

Keywords: Soil consumption, Sustainable development, Urban regeneration, Disused areas, GIS

Abstract

Regeneration of disused sites represents a significant opportunity. The scientific interest in their redevelopment possibilities has grown considerably in recent years. Despite this, a shared definition of disused sites which goes beyond that of brownfields and allows recognition the size of the problem on a transnational scale is still lacking. This study provides an overview of the main definitions provided by scientific literature and on this basis, it proposes a parametric definition of functionally disused areas. Subsequently, a GIS-based operational tool able to map functionally disused areas through a progressive screening of the local territory is introduced. The proposed methodology is tested on two Italian municipalities. It is the first step of a research aimed at defining a wider process able to assess the possibility of converting disused areas into multifunctional or monofunctional “smart” districts. They could be, indeed, characterized by a mixed use – contributing to soil consumption reduction – or by a single use – “social infrastructures” – linked to the needs that emerged as result of Covid 19 pandemic. This assessment process, hence, could support urban planning both at ordinary and emergency phase, allowing to identify in very short time areas where temporary facilities could be installed.

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Author Biographies

Mauro Francini, University of Calabria

Full Professor of Urban Engineering at the University of Calabria, his research activities include the study of models, techniques and tools for urban and territorial planning and management.

Nicole Margiotta, University of Calabria

PhD Student at Department of Civil Engineering at University of Calabria. Her research activity is focused on the analysis, study and definition of models and tools for regeneration of distressed urban areas.

Annunziata Palermo, University of Calabria

Associate professor of Urban Engineering at the University of Calabria. She is interested in the strategic planning of integrated territorial systems, sustainable regeneration of “marginal” areas and urban resilience.

Maria Francesca Viapiana, University of Calabria

Associate Professor of Urban Engineering at the University of Calabria. She is interested in urban design and planning with particular attention to the role of sustainability in regeneration processes.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Francini, M., Margiotta, N., Palermo, A., & Viapiana, M. F. (2020). A GIS-based automated procedure to assess disused areas. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 13(3), 309-328. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7039